What is Hosting? For Beginners
Hosting, at its most fundamental, is the function of providing online space for the purpose of housing, serving, and managing files for one or more websites. Your website's address is akin to a piece of real estate on the World Wide Web.
Having your website available to the public is an essential part of having a website. Hosting (or simply storing) the website's files (HTML, CSS, pictures, and databases) on a server is required for this to happen. A server is a durable computer that is always online.
The firm that owns and maintains the server on which your website resides is known as the host or hosting service provider, and it is responsible for ensuring the server's continued availability. Your host will guarantee the server is safe, always connected to the Internet, and powerful enough to manage the volume of visitors to your site.
When you put www.example.com into your browser, for instance, it makes a request to the server that houses the files for that domain. After the server processes the files, the browser renders the result as a web page.
Hosting can take several forms, such as
Multiple websites are hosted on the same server, hence the name "shared hosting." Like an apartment building, you have your own private quarters but must share the building's utilities with your neighbors. While shared hosting is typically the most cost-effective choice, it is not without its performance and speed limits.
In the case of virtual private server (VPS) hosting, your site still shares a server with other sites, but it receives a larger percentage of the server's resources. Comparable to a condo in that you share some amenities but have more independence in your daily life. Virtual private servers (VPSs) have greater flexibility and capacity for traffic than shared hosting.
Your website will be the only one hosted on the server when you choose for dedicated server hosting. It's just like having your own house, where you can do whatever you want with the space, amenities, and rules. Dedicated servers are the most costly but also the most efficient.
Cloud hosting is a more recent form of hosting in which multiple servers work together to host your website. Serving your site from numerous servers allows for redundancy in the event of server failure and scalability in the face of high volumes of traffic.
Web hosting services are provided by a wide variety of companies, including Bluehost, GoDaddy, HostGator, Amazon Web Services, and Google Cloud. They tailor their pricing, features, and support to meet the requirements of a wide range of customers.